WAEC Syllabus for Biology 2022/2023 & Textbooks in Pdf Download

We  want to make it easier for the 2021/2022 WAEC candidates by providing them a free WAEC Biology Syllabus for 2021/2022 exam.

WAEC candidates are free to view and download the free WAEC Biology Syllabus for 2021 with the recommended textbook and area of concentration shown below.

The area of concentration covers all the and topics that WAEC will set 2021 Biology questions from. So there are topics to read for WAEC 2021 Biology Exam.

Topics to Read for WAEC Biology Exam 2021

This WAEC syllabus is designed to meet the requirements of the upcoming exam and help candidates to achieve the best they can from this course.

As a result of the importantness of this, it is highly recommended that all candidates that are preparing for this exam should get this WAEC Biology Syllabus 2021 and use it effectively.

Note: This WAEC syllabus is free for all candidates preparing to write the upcoming 2021 WAEC Biology Exam and it is the best material to help candidates pass without expo.

Here are the summary topics to read for the WAEC Marketing exam 2021. Download the syllabus at the bottom of this page in PDF to see the complete breakdown of the topics.

Detailed WAEC Biology Syllabus 2021

WAEC Biology Syllabus and recommended textbooks

1. Living Things: This is the study of the concept of living and Non-living things

  • Organization of life

2. Cells: Study the forms structure and functions of cells.

3. Supporting systems in plants and animals: Study about the tissues and supporting systems in plants and animals.

  • Skeleton and tissues and so on

4. Human systems in Mammals and their functions: Study the following systems and know their functions

  • Transport System.
  • Respiratory System
  • Excretory Systems
  • Nervous system
  • Respiratory system
  • Reproduction system

Hormonal Coordination

  1. Nervous Coordination
  2. Sense Organs: Structure and function of the

Plant and Animal Nutrition

  1. Plant Nutrition
  2. Animal Nutrition

Ecological System

  1. Ecosystem
  2. Ecological factors
  3. Measurement of Ecological Factors.
  4. Food webs and trophic levels
  5. Ecological Management
  6. Ecology of population


Man and health

  1. Variation in Population
  2. Morphological variations
  3. Physiological Variations
  4. Biology of Heredity (Genetics)
  5. Genetic terminologies
  6. Traits
  7. Genes
  8. Transmission of characteristics in organisms.

Section Two

  • Chromosomes: Cover everything under this topic
  • Genetics: Read everything on this topic

The basics of heredity

  • Hybrid formation
  • Linkage and transmission of characters.
  • Principles of heredity
  1. Adaptation for survival and Evolution.
  2. Behavioral Adaptations in Social Animals.
  3. Evolution.
  4. Cell Biology
  5. Life Processes in Living Things
  6. Diversity of Living Things
  7. Interactions in Nature Soil
  8. Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology
  9. Humans and their Environment
  10. Evolution

Biology in other fields: Study bi

  1. Biology and Industry
  2. Biology and water industry
  3. Biology and fishing industry
  4. Biology and food industry:

4.Biology and agriculture


  1. Biological fuel generation
  2. Concept of Living

1 .Cell theory

  1. Excretory Systems
  2. Sense organs.
  3. Reproduction
  4. Population Studies by Sampling
  5. Energy transformation in nature:
  6. Nutrient Cycling in Nature
  7. Ecological Management.
  8. Habitats
  9. Biology in Agriculture.
  10. Microorganisms
  11. Man and Healthy environment.
  12. Evolution
  13. Adaptation for survival in plants and animals

Download WAEC Biology Syllables in PDF

WAEC Area of Concentration For Biology 2021

The purpose of this syllabus is to help WAEC candidates to;

  1. acquire computational skills to tackle any subject.
  2. develop precise and formal reasoning skills to problem tackling any subject.
  3. prepare the candidates effectively for the exam by giving them an idea of where to expect Questions from.
  4. Test their achievement abilities on the course objectives.
  5. demonstrate and provide sufficient knowledge of the concepts of the subject matter of these Subjects.
  6. Apply the principles and concepts of this subject to everyday life.
  7. Get relevant details about the WAEC biology topics that questions will be set from.
  8. Know the approved and WAEC recommended Textbooks for 2021 WAEC Biology Exam.

Download free 2021 WAEC Syllabus for all Subjects PDF Here

Other Materials

WAEC Recommended Textbooks for Biology 2021

WAEC recommends textbooks for each subject. Below are the recommended WAEC Biology Textbooks for 2021 and their respective Authors:

Text Name Author
Essential of Biology Odunfa S.A.
Biology for Senior Secondary School (SSS) Stone and Cozen.
Biology for Senior Secondary Schools 1–3 Oguniyi M., Okojie J. and Adebisi A.
A.B.C. Biology for West African Schools Stone R.H and Cozens
Modern Biology Ramalingam.
Understanding Biology Practical (for Practical) J. A. Adewuyi
Essential Biology for Senior Secondary Schools Michael M. C.
Handbook of practical Biology (2nd  Edition) Usua E.J.
Senior Secondary School Biology Books 1-3 Longman: Aina J.O., F.O. C. Ndu and Abun A

At this point, we believe all WAEC candidates can view and download the free WAEC Biology Syllabus for 2021 and the Biology recommended textbook will area of concentration shown below

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