Subjects Needed to Study Medicine in Nigeria

Subjects Needed to Study Medicine in Nigeria
Subjects Needed to Study Medicine in Nigeria

Subjects Needed to Study Medicine in Nigeria – Medicine is an exciting and lucrative career option, as it is one of the fastest-growing fields in the school of professions. It is no wonder that every year, universities worldwide are raising their admission requirements and pushing for more applicants to make medicine a priority.

A lot of individuals have given up on medicine for various reasons, ranging from low pay to high requirements. However, not many have stopped there; rather, many have decided to go further and take their careers as doctors overseas. The common thought that is commonly given about people who choose to do so is that they are gifted with talent and have considerable potential, which we cannot afford to waste.

The subjects needed to study medicine in Nigeria are:
1. Mathematics
2. Physics
3. Chemistry
4. Biology
5. English

The University of Ibadan is the only university that has a medical school in Nigeria, and other recognized medical schools include: Lagos; the University of Nigeria at Nsukka; Ahmadu Bello University in Zaria; Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University in Bauchi; and Usman Dan Fodio University in Sokoto.

Nigeria needs more universities with a specific focus on primary health care as well as polytechnics that could train graduates and provide pre-requisite training for higher institutions. Medical educational institutions must also teach these subjects.
Primary health care programs should be introduced in local health units, hospitals, and district hospitals.

Career Paths For Students Who Study Medicine

Career paths for students who study medicine are:


A nurse is a healthcare professional who is primarily concerned with the health and well-being of their patients. They provide emotional support to people during physical examinations, lab tests, and treatments.


A cardiologist is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating heart conditions. They have a tremendously important role in reducing death rates due to cardiovascular disease around the world.


A psychiatrist is a medical doctor with expertise in mental disorders such as depression or schizophrenia that involve problems with mood, thinking, social functioning, etc., as diagnosed by clinical assessment and the process of differential diagnosis, such as psychotherapy and medications.


A pathologist is a physician who, along with their clinical colleagues and affiliated scientists, specializes in the study of diseases.


(also spelled otorhinolaryngologist, meaning “ear, nose, and throat doctor”) is a medical specialist who diagnoses and treats diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, mouth, and throat.


is a physician who is engaged in providing specialized medical care during surgery or other procedures that are related to anesthesia, such as intensive care medicine and pain management.


commonly known as radiologists,” is a physician or other health care professional who specializes in the use of imaging technologies and the interpretation of imaging studies to diagnose and treat diseases.


is a medical doctor who specializes in diseases of the eye, such as ocular disease, eye surgery, and ophthalmic (eye-related) pathology.


is a physician who specializes in diseases related to the digestive system and its functions.


is a physician who specializes in the care of pregnant women and childbirth. They often have additional training in both medicine and midwifery. They are generally not referred to as pediatricians because the practice of pediatrics is considered distinct from that of obstetrics and gynecology by most medical schools, although not by all (see standard medical education).


is a physician who specializes in the management of a patient’s anesthesia during surgical procedures.


is a physician that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases affecting the kidneys and urinary tract, particularly kidney stones, kidney infections, and renal failure. They may also specialize in hypertension or diabetes.


is a physician who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the endocrine system; that is, organs and glands that produce hormones that regulate such bodily processes as growth, metabolism, reproduction, etc., and which are secreted by special cells known as “endocrine glands.” Endocrinologists also specialize in reproductive physiology and thyroid disease.

Benefits of Studying Medicine

The benefits of studying medicine are:

  • The medical profession offers one of the highest income opportunities.
  • The right to practice medicine is respected by both local communities and national governments.
  • The medical profession is a very satisfying career with many opportunities for achievement and excellent job security and satisfaction.
  • Strong professional friendships are possible among doctors and other healthcare professionals—and between patients and their attending physicians (sometimes called doctors).
  • For the majority of students, a physician who treats patients as a primary goal in life will invest an enormous amount of time and energy in this intimate relationship with each individual patient, both during treatment and throughout the course of that patient’s life.
  • Physicians also have a great deal of flexibility in their work schedules. Although working more than 40 hours per week is typical, physicians frequently make last-minute changes to their schedules. This is particularly true for hospital-based physicians, but it is also the case for general practitioners who may make house calls on a variable schedule each week.
  • The medical profession has very good job security and offers benefits and retirement plans that are typically better than average.
  • Physicians have the most prestige in society and the most financial and business stability, even in an economic downturn or during times of inflation, due to their high demand locally and globally.

Frequently Asked Questions

What subjects are needed to become a medical doctor in Nigeria?

You Must Be A Science Student

And during which, you must have completed Physics, Biology, English, Mathematics, and Chemistry. Art or commercial students can’t apply for Medicine in Nigeria except if you write SSCE for science subjects.

What subject will I write in JAMB for Medicine?

In UTME, note that English Language is mandatory for all courses. The other three subjects required to study Medicine and Surgery under the Faculty of Medical, Pharmaceutical and Health Sciences in the institutions listed above are: Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

Which subject is best for doctor?

To become a doctor, students must complete their MBBS. After class 10th, students should take Science and Biology if they want to become doctors. Physics, Chemistry, and Biology are crucial, but it is up to the student if they wish to study mathematics or not.

Can I study Medicine without JAMB?

Other ways to get admission apart from JAMB in the above-mentioned schools of medicine include JAMB Direct Entry, Other Direct Entry Method, IJMB (Interim Joint Matriculation Board), JUPEB (Joint Universities Preliminary Examination Board), NABTEB A-Level, Pre-degree programmes, etc.

How many years will it take to study Medicine in Nigeria?

6 years

The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) degree program in Nigeria usually lasts a total of 6 years which is subdivided as follows: 12 months in preliminary basic sciences (which includes physics, chemistry and biology etc.), 18 months in the pre-clinical program in basic medical sciences where students 


  • – Meducal Schools in Nigeria with Jamb
  • – How To Become A Doctor in India
  • – JAMB Requirements For Medicine and Surgery


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