This 2021 NECO Syllabus for Physics will help you as a NECO candidate to prepare excellently for this upcoming NECO 2021 Exam.

Using this NECO Physics Syllabus 2021 will help you to have the basic idea of the necessary and important topics NECO physics questions will be set from.

The best part of this syllabus is that it also contains all the NECO recommended Textbooks for Physics in 2021 which are the best for candidates to do their studies with.

This free NECO Physics syllabus for 2021 is also available in pdf where candidates can easily download to their device and use offline at any time. NECO Registration form is Obtainable HERE

## Aim of this Syllabus

NECO Syllabuses are usually released year after year. The syllabus is mostly updated on yearly basis depending on, whether there are changes in curriculum or not.

The main purpose of the syllabus is to give candidates the basic information and outline of the subject’s objectives and the topics that they should read for that very subject.

NECO syllabus is the best and comprehensive material for getting easy access to the NECO area of concentration for each subject.

Therefore, NECO candidates who use this NECO Physics syllabus will be able to;

• Know the topics physics questions will set from for the 2021 NECO exam
• See the breakdown and sequence of each topic.
• Know the important topics they should read.
• Discuss the objectives of this subject
• Know the Recommended Textbooks to use for studies.

## 2021 NECO Syllabus And Important Topics To Read

Like I said up there, NECO Physics Syllabus is the most excellent material for NECO candidates who are preparing for the 2021 NECO Exam.

The NECO Physics Syllabus that you will download below contains important topics to read for the NECO Physics Exam.

SECTION 1: UNITS AND MEASUREMENTS

• Fundamental units & quantities
• Sub-multiples & multiples of units
• Derived units & quantities and
• Dimensions of quantities

Measurements Tool

• Metre rule
• Vernier Calipers
• Micrometer screw gauge

Measurements of Quantities

• Length
• Time
• Mass
• Weight
• Volume
• Degree of accuracy

SECTION 2: MOTION

• Types of motion
• Concepts of a straight-line motion
• Relative motion
• Parameters of motion
• The equations of motion
• Uniform and non-uniform motion and their graphical presentation
• Velocity-time graph
• Gravitational motion
• Uniform circular motion
• Causes and effects of motion Force

SECTION 3: WORK, ENERGY, AND POWER

• Forms of energy
• Concepts of work
• Concept of energy
• Conservation mechanical energy
• Power
• Force-distance graphs

Heat Energy

• Heat and temperature
• Effects of heat
• Measurement of temperature
• Kinetic molecular theory
• Thermal expansivity of liquid and solid
• Change of state
• Heat transfer

SECTION 4: ELECTRIC CHARGES

• Electric charges
• Production of charges
• structure of matter
• Distribution of charges
• Conductors and their properties
• Insulators and their properties
• Semi-conductors and their properties

SECTION 5: MAGNETS and MAGNETISM

• Definition of magnet
• Explanation of magnetic materials
• Properties of magnets
• Patterns of magnet
• Induced magnetism
• Theory of magnetism
• Magnetisation & demagnetisation
• The magnetic properties of metallic objects

CURRENT ELECTRICITY

• Electric current and the production process.
• Potential difference
• Ohm’s law
• Resistance in series
• Resistance in parallel
• Electric cells
• Circuit and arrangement of cells
• Conduction of electricity
• Energy and power

THE PARTICLE NATURE OF MATTER

• Structure of and atoms
• Structures of Molecules
• Kinetic theory
• Molecular size
• States of matter
• Structure of matters

ELASTIC PROPERTIES OF SOLIDS

• Young’s modulus
• Hooke’s law and experiments using hooks law
• The Elastic constant of a spring and strings
• Energy stored in elastics materials
• Work done in elastics materials

FLUID AT REST AND IN MOTION

• Viscosity (this is the study of the effects of friction in fluids) and its applications
• Meaning and expanation of Capillary
• Surface tension and its applications

VECTORS AND SCALARS

• Vectors and their represenatations
• Relative motion
• Addition and Resolution of vectors
• The resultant of vectors
• Vector quantities
• Scalar quantities

PROJECTILES: Explanation of the following terms:

• Range of a projectile
• Time of flight
• Maximum height
• Defifnition and application of projectile motion

EQUILIBRIUM OF FORCES

• Equilibrium and its concepts
• Types of equilibrium
• Explanation of the moment of a force
• Definition and explanation of Couples
• Equilibrium of non parallel forces under certain conditions.
• Equilibrium of parallel forces
• Centre of gravity
• Upthrust
• Equilibrium in liquids and fluids
• The triangle of forces
• Density
• Stability of a body
• Principle flotation
• Archimedes’ principle and its application
• Hydrometer

PRESSURE

• Pressure and its concept
• Pressure in a liquid and fluids
• Applications of pressure
• Atmospheric pressure and its units
• Barometer and it uses

Study the practical use of the following equipment; A Siphon. A syringe, A bicycle pump, a lift pump and a force pump

SIMPLE HARMONIC MOTION (S.H.M.)

• Meaning and explanation of S.H.M and its illustrations.
• Damped oscillation
• The relationship btw S.H.M & circular motion
• Acceleration of S.H.M
• Resonance
• Forced vibration

Study the following terms as applied to Simple Harmonic Motion

• Period
• Frequency
• Amplitude

NEWTON’S LAWS OF MOTION

• Newton’s first law, second law, third law and their applications

MACHINES

• Meaning and explanation of machines
• Types and classification of machines
• Velocity ratio
• Applications and uses of machines
• Friction in machines

HEAT ENERGY:

• Heat and its concepts
• Temperature and its explanation
• Measurement of Temperature
• Thermometers and it types
• Thermometric substances
• Heat capacity and its measurements
• Latent heat
• Measurement of Heat Energy
• Thermal and heat capacity
• Newton’s law of cooling and the cooling curve
• Boiling
• Evaporation
• Vapour pressure
• Melting and freezing points

GAS LAWS

• Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, Gay Lussac’s law, General gas law, and their applications
• Kinetic molecular theory
• Van der Waals’ equation
• Measurement of gas pressure

WAVES

• Definition and explanation of wave.
• Types of were
• Equation of a traveling wave
• Propagation of waves
• Characteristics and properties of waves
• Representation of wave
• Wavefronts
• Polarization of waves
• Terms in describing wave relationship

LIGHT:

• Nature of light
• Sources of light
• Reflection of light waves
• Mode of Transmission of light
• Propagation and Reflection of light

REFRACTION OF LIGHT WAVES.

• Definition and Explanation of the term
• Applications
• The Laws of refraction
• Refraction of light on a rectangular glass block
• Minimum deviation
• Snell’s law
• Refraction of light on a triangular prism
• Refraction of light on lenses
• Total internal reflection & critical angle
• Dispersion of white light & color

OPTICAL INSTRUMENTS:

Study the following optical applications and instruments:

• Camera
• Telescopes
• Microscopes
• Human eye
• Projectors

SOUNDWAVES

• Sound waves and its propagation
• Mode of Transmission of sound waves
• Speed of sound
• Phenomena in the sound wave
• Characteristics of musical sound
• Musical instruments
• Vibration
• The sonometer

ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES:

• Sources of electromagnetic waves
• Types of electromagnetic waves
• Uses of electromagnetic waves
• Nature of Electromagnetic Waves

PROPERTIES OF FIELDS

• Types of field
• Gravitational field
• Concepts of field
• Magnetic field
• Electric force field
• Properties and characteristics of electric lines of forces

GRAVITATIONAL FIELD

• The Concepts of the gravitational field
• Newton’s law of gravitation
• Acceleration due to gravity (g).
• Gravitational constant (G)
• Variation of acceleration due to gravity

Study the following terms as used in Gravitational Field

• Weightlessness
• Velocity of escape
• Gravitational potential
• Satellite and Rockets

ELECTRIC CHARGES

• Coulomb’s law
• Electric force
• Capacitors
• Electric field intensity
• Capacitance
• Electric potential
• Energy storage

ELECTRIC CURRENT

• Definition and explanation of Electricity
• Electric current
• Electromotive force (E.M.F)
• Circuits
• Resistors in series
• Measurement of resistors
• Solar Collector

MAGNETIC FIELD

• Definition of the magnetic field and its concept
• Theory of magnetism
• Electromagnets
• Earth’s magnetic field
• Electromagnetic fields, its concepts, and applications

ALTERNATING CURRENT (A.C.)

• Nature of A.C and voltages
• Graphical representation of alternating current
• Alternating currents in resistors, inductors & capacitors (R.L.C.)
• Series circuit
• Vector diagram
• Resonance and power
• Power in A.C circuit

ATOM AND NUCLEAR PHYSICS

• Models of atom
• Atomic structure
• Nuclides
• Isotopes
• Nuclear energy
• Nuclear reactions

ENERGY QUANTIZATION

• Energy levels in atoms
• Types of spectra
• Colour & light frequency
• The Franck and Hertz experiment
• Photoelectric effect
• X-ray productions
• Thermionic emission

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTION In  LIQUID/GASES

• Ionic theory
• Conduction through liquid
• Electrolysis
• Applications of electrolysis
• Conduction of through gases

• The wave-particle duality
• Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle
• Wave nature of matter

ELECTRONICS

• Conductors and conduction
• Semi-conductors and its types
• P-N junction diode
• Diode character curve
• Integrated circuits
• Introduction to LASER
• Fibre Optics
• Bipolar junction transistor (BIT)

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