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# NECO Physics Practical Questions and Answers 2022/2023 (Complete Solution)

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NECO Physics Practical Questions and Answers 2021 is a collection of 2021 NECO Physics Practical Questions and Answers. Many NECO applicants struggle to accurately answer the NECO Practical Physics questions because they don’t grasp the questions. I’ll show you how to answer NECO Physics Practical questions correctly so you can get a decent NECO score on your Physics exam.

Before trying any question, you must first comprehend the NECO Physics Practical grading scheme in order to present your answers in such a way that they would appeal to the examiner and get you high marks.

The Physics Practical question paper will consist of three areas and general Physics questions namely:

1. Optics
2. Electricity
3. Mechanics

You will be expected to carry out an experiment, take readings and tabulate your values, plot graph, state precautions taken during the experiment, and report observation.

What you’ll see is quite similar to the NECO Physics Specimen your school received.

Note: To get accurate results, avoid parallax errors when taking your readings and remember to use best-fit lines when plotting the graph. It is not required that all of the points be entered into the line.

## Physics Practical Specimen 2021

Question 1

Retort Stand

Split cork Spiral spring

Mass hanger weighing 50g

Four 20g slotted masses

Stop clock or watch

One metre rule

Question 2

Four optical pins

Four thumb pins

Plain sheet/drawing paper

Plain mirror

Mirror holder

30cm ruler

Drawing board

Question 3

2 Ω covered and labeled X

Resistance box

Key/switch

## NECO Practical Physics Questions and Answers

No (1)

Tabulate.
S/N; 1|2|3|4|5|

M|g; 40.0|35.00|30.00|25.00|20.00|

θ°; 41.80|35.70|30.00|24.60|19.47|

ϕ=(90-θ°); 48.20|54.30|60.00|65.40|70.53|

Cosϕ; 0.6665|0.5835|0.5000|0.4163|0.3333|

(1axi)
Slope , S=Δm|g/ΔCosϕ
=(40-20)g/0.6665-0.3333
S= 20g/0.3332=60.024g

(1axii)
K=s/2 =60.024g/g= 30.012g

(1axiii)
-Precautions-
(i) I avoided error due to parallax when reading from the protector
(ii) I ensured that the force board is firmly and correctly clamped to the retort stand

(1)
Graph

1bi)
(i)The have the same magnitude/size
(ii)They can be obtained/calculated by the same means

(1bii)

(1bii)
T²= 9²+12²
T= √81+144
T= √225
then, T= 15N

No (3)
Tabulate
S/N; 1|2|3|4|5|

R/Ω; 2.00|4.00|6.00|8.00|10.00|

L/cm; 50.00|66.70|75.00|80.00|83.30|

B/Ω^-¹; 0.500|0.250|0.167|0.125|0.100|

Δ/cm; 1.000|0.499|0.333|0.250|0.200|

(3xiii)
Slope ,S=ΔB/Ω^-¹/ΔΔ/cm =0.5-0.1/1.0-0.2=0.4/0.8=0.5
Slope =0.5Ω^-¹/cm

(3xiv)
K=S^-¹= 1/5=1/0.5Ω^-¹/cm =2Ωcm

(3xv)
-precautions-
(i) I avoided error due to parallax when reading from the potentiometer
(ii) I ensured that the wire are tightly connected.

(3)
Graph

### NECO Physics Practical Specimen

PHYSICS PRACTICAL SPECIMEN:

QUESTION 1
-Knife edge
-Meter rule
-100g and 150g masses
Question 2
-Four thumb pins
-Four optical pins
-Drawing paper
-Drawing board
-Rectangular glass prism
Question 3
-Plug key
-Connecting wires
-Ammeter (0.2A or 0-3A)
-Voltmeter (0-3V) (flashschoolgist.com)
-2Ω standard resistor covered and labeled Q
-Jockey
-2 × 15V dry Leclanche cell or 2V Accumulator
-1.2 constantan wire (SWG 26)
-Crocodile clip.

The questions below are for practice not the 2020 Physics Practical questions.

1(a)

You are provided with two retort stands, two metre rules, pieces of thread and other necessary apparatus. (i) Set up the apparatus as illustrated above ensuring that the strings are permanently 10cm from either end of the rule.

(ii) Measure and record the length L = 80cm of the two strings.

(iii) Hold ends of the rule and displaces the rule slightly, then release so that it oscillates about a vertical axis through its centre.

(iv) Determine and record the time t for 10 complete oscillations. (v) Determine the period T of oscillations.

(vi) Evaluate log T and log L. (vii) Repeat the procedure for four other values of L = 70cm, 60cm, 50cm, and 40cm.

(ix) Plot a graph with log T on the vertical axis and log L on the horizontal axis.

(x) Determine the slope, s and the intercept, e on the vertical axis, of the graph.

(xi) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results.

(b)(i) Define simple harmonic motion

(ii) Determine the value of L corresponding to t = 12s from the graph in 1 (a).

2(a) You are provided with a beaker, a thermometer, a stirrer, stop watch/clock, measuring cylinder, table salt, water and other necessary materials.

(i). Measure 200cm3 of water into the beaker.

(ii). Heat the water until it boils steadily for about 2 minutes

(iii). Read and record the boiling point bo.

(iv). Add table salt of mass M = 10.0g to the boiling water and stir continuously until another boiling point bi is attained.

(vi). Evaluate θi = (bi – bo )

(vii) Using the same mixture, repeat the procedure four more times by adding 10.0g of salt each time to give the cumulative mass Mi of salt as 20g. 30g. 40g. and 50g.

(viii) in each case, allow the mixture to boil steadily for at least 2 minutes then read and record the boiling point bi.

(x). Plot a graph with Mion the vertical axis and θi on the horizontal axis.

(xi). Determine the slope, s, of the graph.

(xii). State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results.

(xiii). Define the boiling points of a liquid

(xiv). What effect do impurities have on the boiling point of a liquid?

3(a) You are provided with cells, a potentionmeter, an ammeter, a voltmeter, a bulb, a key, a jockey and other necessary materials.

(i) Measure and record the e.m.f. of the battery

(ii) Set up a circuit as shown in the diagram above.

(iii) Close the key K and use the jockey to make a firm contact at J on the potentiometer wire such that PJ = x = 10cm.

(iv) Take and record the voltmeter reading V and the corresponding ammeter reading I.

(v) Evaluate the log V and log I.

(vi) Repeat the procedure for five values of x = 20cm, 30cm, 40cm, 50cm, and 60cm,

(viii) Plot a graph with log I on the vertical axis, and log  V on the horizontal axis.

(ix) Determine the slope s, of the graph.

(x) Determine the intercept c, on the vertical axis.

(xi) State two precautions taken to ensure accurate results.

(b)(i) How is the brightness of the bulb affected as x increases? Give a reason for your answer.

(ii) List two electrical devices whose actions do not obey Ohm’s law.

(x)

Slope = ΔlogT/ΔlogL = LogT2 – LogT1/LogL2 – LogL1 = 0.098-(0.10)/0.00 – (-0.38)

= 0.098 + 0.10/0.00 + 0.38 = 0.198/0.38 = 0.52

The intercept, C on the vertical axis = 0.99

(I) I ensured strings were tight

(II) I avoided parallax error on metre rule

(III) I ensured smooth and regular oscillation in a horizontal plane.

(b)(i) Simple harmonic motion is the motion of a body whose acceleration is always directed towards, a fixed point and is directly proportional to the displacement from the fixed point.

(ii) T = t/n = 12/10 = 1.2s

;log 1.2 = 0.079

The value of LogL = 0.035 = 0.04

L = 1.1

GRAPH

bo = 98oC

(xi) Slope = Δmi/Δθi = mi2 – mi1/θ2 – θ1 = 50-5/10-1.0 =  45/9 = 5

(I) I ensured that the water was stirred gently

(II) I avoided parallax error on the thermometer and stopwatch; (III) I avoided zero error on stop watch.

(b) (i) This is the temperature of a liquid at which is saturated vapour pressure equals the external atmospheric pressure.

(ii) impurities raise the boiling point of a liquid.

GRAPH

(ix)

Slope = ΔlogI/ΔlogV = logI2 – logI1/logV2 – logV1 = -0.28 – (-1.22)/0.1 – (-0.7)

= -0.28 + 1.22/0.1 + 0.7 = 0.94/0.8 = 1.175

(x) the intercept on the vertical axis = -04

(xi) (I) I opened tight terminals;

(II) I opened key when reading was not taken

(b)(i) Brightness of the bulb increases

Reason: Voltage across and current through the bulb increases

(ii) (a) Diode; (b) Transistor; (c) Filament bulb (d) Capacitor

GRAPH

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